Updated On : Aug-13,2023 Time Investment : ~10 mins
Prompt Engineering Strategies With Examples

Prompt Engineering Strategies With Examples

Writing prompts feels really simple, isn’t it?

Well, we all think that it is. But not when you do not get the desired results. AI models or trained virtual assistants

The tools like ChatGPT are becoming popular day by day.

They are making tedious tasks simpler and easy to manage.

But it can’t be done unless you learn to understand “Prompts” and write them in a perfect way.

In the earlier blog “Prompt Engineering Explained”, you got a brief introduction to prompt engineering.

Through this blog, you will get to know the different prompt strategies.

Moreover, you will understand how AI/ML models understand and provide results based on your instructions.

So, let’s get started!

Now, before moving ahead, just brush up your knowledge from our previous blog.

Understanding Prompt Engineering

Prompt engineering involves crafting input queries or instructions that guide AI models to generate desired outputs.

It's akin to giving clear directions to a virtual assistant, allowing it to comprehend user intentions and provide helpful responses. The goal is to balance specificity and natural language, enabling AI models to produce coherent and contextually appropriate content.

Why Well-Crafted Prompts Are Very Essential?

In the realm of human-AI collaboration, prompt engineering plays a pivotal role in shaping the outcome of interactions between users and AI systems.

A well-crafted prompt can elicit more accurate, relevant, and nuanced responses from AI models, ultimately improving the overall user experience.

This article delves into the art of prompt engineering, discussing strategies and providing illustrative examples.

With this small revision, let’s move ahead and know the different strategies of Prompt Engineering.

Advanced Prompt Engineering Strategies

When it comes to interacting with AI models, prompt strategies play a pivotal role in guiding the generation of responses. Different prompt strategies, such as Input/Output, Zero-Shot, One-Shot, and Few-Shot prompting, offer diverse ways to engage with AI systems effectively. In this article, we'll delve into each strategy, accompanied by illustrative examples.

1. Input/Output Prompting:

This classic prompt strategy involves providing a clear input and expecting a corresponding output. It's the foundation of most human-AI interactions and serves as a straightforward way to obtain specific responses.


Prompt (Input): "Translate the following English text to French: 'Hello, how are you?'"

Output: "Bonjour, comment ça va ?"

2. Zero-Shot Prompting:

Zero-Shot prompting enables AI models to perform tasks for which they were not explicitly trained. By providing clear instructions and specifying the desired task, you can achieve impressive results without the need for fine-tuned prompts.


Prompt (Zero-Shot): "Translate the following English text to Spanish: 'The sun is shining.'"

Output: "El sol está brillando."

3. One-Shot Prompting:

In One-Shot prompting, you guide the AI model with minimal examples to understand the desired task. This strategy is particularly useful for generating creative content, summaries, or short answers.


Prompt (One-Shot): "Write a paragraph describing the benefits of regular exercise."


"Engaging in regular exercise offers a plethora of advantages. It boosts cardiovascular health, strengthens muscles, and enhances overall well-being. Additionally, exercise releases endorphins, which contribute to improved mood and reduced stress."

4. Few-Shot Prompting:

Few-Shot prompting involves providing a small number of examples to instruct the AI model. This strategy is highly effective for tasks that require a more nuanced understanding and can handle complex instructions.


Prompt (Few-Shot): "Summarize the following articles on climate change: 'Rising Sea Levels and Their Global Impact' 'Renewable Energy Innovations for a Sustainable Future'"

Output: "Climate change remains a critical concern, with rising sea levels posing a global threat. The need for sustainable solutions is evident, as evidenced by innovative renewable energy technologies aimed at mitigating its effects."</i>

So, now, you would be having a clear understanding to the most advanced strategies of prompt engineering.

This is the right time to implement effective ways in which you can write prompts to get desired results/output.

Effective Ways To Write Prompts

1. Specify Format and Context:

Clearly define the format you want the answer in and provide relevant context.

For instance, if you're using a language model to summarize a news article, you might use a prompt like: "Please provide a concise summary of the article titled 'Advancements in Renewable Energy' published in 'GreenTech Magazine'."

2. Use Examples:

Supply examples of the desired response to help the AI understand the pattern you're looking for. For instance, when instructing a model to generate programming code, you could begin with: "Write a Python function that takes a list of numbers as input and returns the sum of all even numbers."

3. Gradual Refinement:

If you're not getting the desired output, iteratively refine your prompts. Start with a broad instruction and gradually add details until you achieve the desired result. For refining a recipe, you might start with: "Provide a recipe for chocolate chip cookies," and then add: "Include ingredients, measurements, and baking instructions."

4. Prompt Splitting:

Divide complex tasks into multiple prompts. This strategy can be effective for multi-step processes. For instance, to create a dialogue between two AI characters, you might first prompt one model with a statement, then use its response as input for the second model.

5. Use System Messages:

In AI-driven conversations, employing system-level instructions can guide the model's behavior throughout the interaction. For instance, in a chatbot scenario, you could start with a system message like: "You are a customer support representative. Assist the user with their product query."

6. Control Parameters:

Some AI platforms allow for parameter tweaking to influence the output. For instance, with GPT-3, you can adjust parameters like "temperature" and "max tokens" to control the randomness and length of the generated response.

Examples of Effective Prompt Engineering

Example 1: Creative Writing

Poor Prompt: "Write a story about a dog."

Improved Prompt: "Compose a heartwarming short story in which a loyal Labrador named Max rescues a lost child in a bustling city."</i>

Example 2: Programming Assistance

Poor Prompt: "Explain bubble sort."

Improved Prompt: "Provide a clear and concise explanation of the bubble sort algorithm, including its steps and an example demonstrating its usage."</i>

Example 3: Complex Information

Poor Prompt: "Explain quantum entanglement."

Improved Prompt: "In simple terms, describe the phenomenon of quantum entanglement, its significance in quantum mechanics, and how it has been experimentally observed."</i>


Different prompt strategies cater to a wide range of interactions with AI models. Whether you're seeking direct responses, exploring new tasks, or generating creative content, these strategies offer versatile approaches to obtain the information you need. By mastering these strategies and tailoring your prompts accordingly, you can leverage AI's capabilities to enhance your productivity, creativity, and problem-solving skills.

Sunny Solanki Sunny Solanki

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